# The Dark Matter particle - "Theory of Everything"

New insights for Quantum Physicists and Astrophysicists.

### Edit by Gert Smit and Jort Ruhof, 17th March 2023.

### New insight in the Dark Matter particles

Dark matter particles are dimensional basic particles, for a dark matter particle has no spatial dimensions (no length, no width and no height). Following the theory, their discoverer gave the dark matter particles a logical name;__d__imensional

__b__asic particle (db or ). The basis of db's is that their mutual entanglement is caused by curvatures and the db's constantly interact with each other.

A db has an infinite curvature at its core. That is its only property. Because they are mutually entangled caused by curvatures, a change that one of the db's experiences is instantaneously experienced by its partner db('s). The db's constantly 'attract' each other, creating curled power chains with electromagnetic fields all around.

The distance between the db's varies by movements relative to each other. The direction of movement is influenced by one another, in accordance with mathematical laws. Their movement paths are optically influenced for the outside observer by the curvatures of spacetime caused by the db's themselves. As a result; time slows down, when relative space around a db becomes smaller, while the db's are approaching each other. And time speeds up and relative space around a db becomes larger, when the db's divide from one another. The db is always moving in spacetime.

The db exists below Heisenberg's observation limit. Dark matter is everywhere. Everything in our universe is made up of electrons, protons, neutrons and quarks. These particles are composed out of multiple db's while the db itself is a singular particle. Also, singular in respect of singularity. Each db is a singularity on itself. Other particles, then the db, are a combination of multiple singularities.

### Theory of Everything formula

All of the observed forces have their origin in the character of a singular db. The observed forces (weak, strong, electric) are a very complex sum of circling movements that arise when multipledb's get into an interaction with each other.

The formula describes the relatively reduced extent of curvature of spacetime surrounding the db. As the distance to the db enlarges, the curvature of space will reduce and time is running faster. The curvature of space on the location of the db is infinite, while time stands still on the location of the db. The db behaves like a black hole without dimensions.

Gravitation is pure space curvature.

Electromagnetic forces & strong/weak nuclear forces AND gravitational forces can all be calculated with this formula:

(In the formula, Kr is curvature [m

^{-1}], and "x,y,z" are coordinates in spacetime [m].

The distance to the db is always greater than zero.)

Just try it out. You will notice that your observations can be reconciled on a macro level as well as micro level.

### Missing Link in Quantum Mechanics resolved

It seems a reasonable expectation that the atoms in the universe obey the laws of physics.So why is it, that Quantum Mechanics cannot be universally applied?

That missing link of quantum mechanics begins when you look more closely at the currently known foundation. Quantum Mechanics cannot describe and explain these essential simple things:

1. The overwhelming evidence for presence of dark matter in clusters and around galaxies.

2. The phenomenon of entanglement between two particles created simultaneously, these can have instantaneous transmission of information at a distance. How is this possible?

3. How can a photon obey Einstein's ideas about curved spacetime? A photon has no mass, so why does it experience such deflection?

4. Why does a photon undergoes (in space) his gravitational redshift near an object with massive curvature (black hole). In fact, the redshift approaches extreme (infinite) at the event horizon of a black hole. Although both these phenomena are widely accepted and observed, there is no exact understanding. What is the mechanism of gravitational redshift?

Here are the answers:

### Five db Assumptions

**Assumption 1.**

*Our smallest particle is a zero point: a particle without length, width and height.*At this zero point, space curvature is infinite. The greater the distance to this zero point, the less curvature of space. The assumption is curvature = 1/distance. Let’s assume that there are infinitely many of these smallest particles in an infinite three dimensional space. The particles are always moving at any possible relative speed in respect to each other. It gets interesting when two particles fall into each other's curvature. Then they will start to move as a gravitational couple in a spiral form for the outside observer. These two particles form an electromagnetic wave. This explains why a photon is both a particle and a wave. Let’s call such an electromagnetic particle a two-particle couple from now on.

__Graph 1:__(see underneath) Energy that we can observe from an electromagnetic particle is the additional resultant curvature, which follows from the addition of the curvature values of the two-particle torque.

Assumption 2:

*Speed of light is not a constant, but depends on the degree of space curvature in which it travels.*Consider a container of water where the speed of light is lower. Because the container is filled with water the space curvature is stronger than in vacuum.

__Graph 2:__An electromagnetic particle will never have a perfect circular shape, but more an outward spiral shape. As a result, each electromagnetic particle 'ages'. We see this phenomenon when we look at an electromagnetic particle that has travelled a very long distance.

Also a good example is the redshift we observe in stars that are very far away from the observer. Cosmic background radiation is formed by the mutual interaction of these particles. Think of cosmic redshift as a gravitational redshift.

**Assumption 3:**

*An electron is similar to a photon with the difference that is has an extra internal movement compared to a photon as seen for the outside observer.*An electron measured in this curved space will appear to have a greater mass/energy compared to an electromagnetic particle not orbiting an atomic nucleus. These electrons follow discrete orbits around an atomic nucleus because they are forced to stay in a stable orbit by the space curvature of the 0-point particles in the atomic nucleus. This is a fusion effect.

**Assumption 4:**

*Gravity & strong nuclear force & weak nuclear force & electromagnetic force are all variations of complex motions of 0-point particles around and in each other's orbits.*All this takes place below Heisenberg's observation limit, since the smallest measurement method we have involves a two 0-point particle couple. So that means this model is only mathematically provable because more complex couples of 0-point particles are above Heisenberg's observation limit.

As plotted in

__graph 3a:__Electromagnetic radiation that has to pass through a hole smaller than the wavelength, will behave as a new point source, because the curvature of the surrounding material will change the trajectory of all electromagnetic particles in such a way that it will be deflected back in all directions.

__In graph 3b:__If the hole is as large as the wavelength, this bending will only partially occur, and most of the electromagnetic particles will continue straight. Only at the edges curved trajectories will be observable.

__And graph 3c:__If the hole is larger than the wavelength, the electromagnetic particles will continue straight ahead unimpeded.

**Assumption 5:**

*Quarks form an even more complex form of particle couples.*Traditionally said: A proton consists out of three quarks.

New insight: A neutron consists out of four quarks (2 quarks up, 2 quarks down).

### The Dark Matter Particle - Scientific in depth insights

In the article "About Dark Matter and the Nature of Elementay Particles" you can read in depth about the dark matter particle where it gets its name "dimensional basic" (db or ). The article first describes an outline of the observed conflicts within quantum mechanics. After that, the theory of the dimensional basic will be described in depth, followed by the consequences for the photon, the electron, the quarks, the protons, neutrons, the more complex particles, the nature of electromagnetic fields and some cosmology. The theory of the dimensional basic by Gerhard Jan Smit and Jelle Ebel van der Schoot is the so called "Theory of Everything", it explains all forces.### Dark matter is everywhere in our daily life

the db's when clumped together, or rather interacted together, creating curled power chains, form phenomena that at some point exceed the limit of observation.The impact of the db's also explains the swirls in our everyday life: Swirling smoke from a chimney, spinning draining water into your sink, a tornado, galaxies, etc, etc.

The curled power chains can easily be observed with a live coil. Here, the electromagnetic field around the current-carrying wires is caused by the suction of these particles. The attracting db's form a twisted chain that generates a current due to their mutual attraction, causing electromagnetic fields all around.

### James Webb - No Big Bang

There has never been a ‘Big Bang’, following the theory of the db. The cosmic redshift as recently observed by the James Webb Telescope acknowledges exactly that. Cosmic redshift is there due to electromagnetic particles (eg. photons) falling apart; a gravitational process. The "peculiar" James Webb Telescope observations are correct. The universe has always been the same as in our current local time and place.The James Webb Telescope looked back in all the 13,8 billion years passed since the supposed ‘Big Bang’. The oldest light is the reddest, the most long ago and travelled the longest distance before “twodb's get out of their mutual spiraling form”. Because of its median curvature the universe exists infinitely long and will exist infinitely long. Therefore, whenever we look at this 13,8 billion years old light, we see exactly the same galaxies with exactly the same particle distribution as we can see here in our present time in our local universe.

**Graph 1. TOE - Two db's forming a photon:**

**Graph 2. TOE - Internal movement of a photon:**

**Graph 3. TOE - A photon’s track deviation when going through stronger curvature fields nearby:**

It will behave as a new point source, because the curvature of the surrounding material will change the trajectory of all electromagnetic particles in such a way that it will be deflected back in all directions.

This bending will only partially occur, and most of the electromagnetic particles will continue straight. Only at the edges curved trajectories will be observable.

The electromagnetic particles will continue straight ahead unimpeded.

__Graph 3a:__**Electromagnetic radiation that has to pass through a hole smaller than the wavelength.**It will behave as a new point source, because the curvature of the surrounding material will change the trajectory of all electromagnetic particles in such a way that it will be deflected back in all directions.

__Graph 3b:__The hole is as large as the wavelength.This bending will only partially occur, and most of the electromagnetic particles will continue straight. Only at the edges curved trajectories will be observable.

__Graph 3c:__The hole is larger than the wavelength.The electromagnetic particles will continue straight ahead unimpeded.